Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a kind of cancer that develops from breast cells. Two types:- lobular carcinoma[cancer] and ductal carcinoma. Ductal cancer is the most common.
Symptoms
  • A lump in a breast.
  • A pain in the armpits or breast.
  • Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast; like the skin of an orange.
  • A rash around (or on)one of the nipples.
  • A swelling in one of the armpit.
  • An area of thickened tissue in a breast.
  • One of the nipple has a discharge; sometimes it may contain blood.
  • The nipple changes in appearance; it may become sunken or inverted.
  • The size or the shape of the nipple changes.
  • The nipple-skin or breast-skin may have started to peel, scale or flake.
Causes
  • Getting older.
  • Genetics.
  • Dense breast tissue.
  • Hormonal imbalance.
  • Obesity.
  • Alcohol consumption.
  • Radiation exposure (X-ray).
breast cancer
Diagnosing blood cancer
  • Breast exam.
  • X-ray (mammography).
  • Breast ultrasound.
  • Biopsy.
  • Breast MRI
Prevention
  • Some lifestyle changes can help significantly reduces a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Stop Alcohol consumption.
  • Exercising five days a week.
  • Healthy diet.
  • Body weight control.
  • Breast cancer screening.
  • Breast feeding – women who breastfeed run a lower risk of developing breast cancer compared to other women.
Treatment
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Surgery-lumpectomy, mastectomy, breast reconstruction surgery.
  • Biological therapy( targeted drug therapy).
  • Hormonal therapy.
  • Chemotherapy.