Cervical Cancer

Cancer of one of the female organs (cervix)The easiest female cancer to prevent through screening

Risk Factor

The main cause of cervical cancer is infection with genital Human Papillomavirus [pap·il·lo·ma·vi·rus] or HPV

  • Genital HPV is a virus that is spread by sex
  • You could have been infected with HPV years ago but only recently had it found on a test
  • There are many different types of HPV
  • Certain “high-risk” HPV types can cause cell changes and cervical cancer
cervical cancer
How to lower Risk
  • Get regular Pap tests and follow up, if necessary
  • Limit your number of sex partners
  • Choose a sex partner who has had no or few prior sex partners
  • Do not smoke cigarettes
  • Keep a healthy diet and lifestyle
  • Use condoms consistently and correctly during sexual activity
Symptoms
  • Early symptoms
    • None.
    • Thin, watery, blood tinged vaginal discharge frequently goes unrecognized by the patient.
    • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Intermenstrual
  • Postcoital
  • Perimenopausal
  • Postmenopausal
    • Blood stained foul vaginal discharge
  • Late symptoms
    • Pain, leg oedema.
    • Urinary and rectal symptoms
  • Dysuria
  • Haematuria
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Constipation
  • Haemorrhoids
    • Uraemia
Treatment
  • Surgical.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Radiotherapy & Surgery.
  • Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy followed by Surgery.
  • Palliative treatment