Oral Cancer

Oral cancer appears as a growth or sore in the mouth that does not go away. Oral cancer, which includes cancers of the lips, tongue, cheeks, floor of the mouth, hard and soft palate, sinuses, can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated early.
Symptoms
  • Swellings/thickenings, lumps or bumps, rough spots or eroded areas on the lips, gums, or other areas inside the mouth.
  • White and red patches inside the mouth.
  • Unexplained bleeding in the mouth.
  • Unexplained numbness, loss of feeling, or pain in any area of the face,mouth.
  • Difficulty in chewing or swallowing, speaking, or moving the jaw or tongue.
  • Change in the voice.
  • Dramatic weight loss.
Causes
  • Smoking :- cigarette, cigar, or pipe smokers.
  • Smokeless tobacco users :- users of dip, snuff, or chewing tobacco products {khaini, mawa, zarda}
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol.
  • Family history of cancer.
  • Human pappillomavirus [HPV].
oral cancer
NOTE:- It is important to note that over 25% of all oral cancers occur in people who do not smoke and who only drink alcohol occationally.

Prevention
  • Don’t smoke or use any tobacco products and drink alcohol in moderation.
  • Eat a well balanced diet.
  • Conduct a self exam at least once a month using bright light and a mirror.
  • See your dentist/doctor on a regular schedule.
Treatment

Oral cancer is treated with surgery to remove the cancerous growth, followed by radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy [drug treatment] to destroy any remaining cancer cells.